Want a great guitar tone? It all comes back to the wood, my friend. There are literally dozens of options for choosing what type of guitar wood, so which one is best? In order to make this decision, we will taker a closer look at the different type of guitar wood, their quality, tone and durability. This guide is relevant to both acoustic and electric guitar woods.
A Closer Look At Acoustics
Let’s first start with acoustics because there are often 2, 3 sometimes even 4 different types of woods used on an acoustic guitar. Whereas an electric will often only feature 2-3 type of wood in the build.
With acoustic’s different woods are often used for the back and sides of the guitar than are used for the top, neck and fretboard of the guitar. These woods, used for the back and sides, are often referred to as “tone woods” as they play the most important role in shaping the tone of the acoustic guitar.
Before the evolution of guitar strings, the type of guitar wood used was by far the most important aspect in the build. Since these strings did little to add to one’s tone, manufacturers looked for woods with very rich sounding acoustics.
The original wood used as a “tone wood” was Brazilian Rosewood due to it’s very warm and rich tone. However, due to Brazil 1969 restriction on unsawn rosewood logs most are now made of Indian Rosewood.
Type of Guitar Wood: The Break Down
The first type of guitar wood is Alder. Alder is very
popularly used in Fender Stratocaster’s. It is known
for being very lightweight and having excellent clean
tones. This guitar wood is fairly durable but not one
that can take heavy abuse. Definitely right in the middle
as far as durability is concerned. Also note that due to it’s
light weight it often won’t have the best sustain.
Tone: Bright, Great Cleans
Weight: Very Light
Durability: In the Middle/Fairly Durable (5 out of 10)
The next guitar wood is Basswood. Basswood has become
incredibly popular recently due to it’s decent tone but great
affordability. It is extremely lightweight and not very forgiving
to dings, dents and misuse. It produces a warm, soft tone that
is comparable to mahogany, but not nearly as rich. Again, due
to the lightweight of this wood, it does not produce great sustain, either.
Tone: Warm, gentle
Weight: Very Light
Durability: Not Very (3 out of 10)
Koa is an uncommon guitar wood. It has a great tone, that can be compared even to Brazilian Rosewood. However, due to its high cost it is not as commonly used as say, mahogany. Koa is a lightweight but sturdy wood. Therefor you’ll be getting good durability and tone, however the sustain of the instrument will be lacking if Koa is used as a type of guitar wood for the body.
Tone: Warm, rich tone
Mahogany is a very popular wood used amongst high-end guitar
manufacturers. This guitar wood is extremely heavy and durable.
This also results in mahogany being a great wood for high sustain.
It has a decent low-end (bass) presence, with a decent high-end
twang. When real mahogany is used as a type of guitar wood the
price of the guitar will often be noticeably higher than say, Basswood.
Tone: Warm, Good bass, OK highs
Weight: Very Heavy
Maple is another very common type of guitar wood. Though it is primarily found used in guitar necks, there are some manufacturers that make maple guitar bodies. Featuring a very precise and bright tone, maple is often paired with mahogany bodies to counter the latter’s warm, darker tone. Maple is also a fairly heavy wood so it will also produce decent sustain and has a moderate durability.
Tone: Bright and true
Rosewood is an extremely tone rich type of guitar wood. That being the main reason is was so widely used originally as an acoustic guitar wood. It has a very warm and rich feel with pronounced low ends but muffled high tones. Rosewood is one of the heaviest woods out there, making it an extremely popular choice for those seeking great sustain and durability. Due to it’s difficulty to apply finishes to, Rosewood is more often used as a guitar neck wood.
Tone: Warm, very rich, great lows but muffled highs
Weight: Very Heavy
In conclusion, there are a variety of guitar woods to choose from. Many offer subtle differences in tone. However the durability and, weight and sustain are also very reliant on the wood type. I hope this guide has been helpful for you. Please feel free to leave any questions you may have in the comment field below.